there a single best seed or food type for feeding
It certainly depends on the species but black-oil
sunflower is the best over-all choice. It's thin
shell makes it popular with the smaller species and
many different species will readily be attracted by
especially fond of Nyjer® (thistle) which can
be feed in thistle feeders or seed socks. Feeding
Nyjer in seed socks often helps discourage house
sparrows and starlings.
Cardinals are fond
of safflower, a seed also less popular with house
woodpeckers can be attracted by fruit, such as
orange or grapefruit halves.
For photos of
various seed types visit the Wild
Bird Feeding Industry Web site.
Web site for a seed
additional feeding tips and information.